As part of its programme to reduce the fuel consumption and emissions of its cars by 40 percent by 2012, Ferrari have engineered an F430 that runs on E85 fuel ? a blend of 85 percent bio-renewable ethanol and 15 percent petrol. Dubbed the Ferrari F430 Spider BioFuel, it was revealed earlier this week at the Detroit Motor Show in concept form but is perhaps a sign of things to come from the most revered of manufacturers.
The Ferrari F430 Spider Biofuel, came about as a direct result of technology developed by Ferrari to meet new regulations in Formula One, that call for the use of BioFuels. In Formula One the level is 5.75 per cent (E5.75), while the FIA GT and American Le Mans series (ALMS), both of which are dominated by the F430 GT2 in 2007, targets a 10 per cent (E10) ethanol blend. Furthermore, the A1 GP Championship, which uses Ferrari engines from this season, also requires a 10 per cent blend.
In order to run effectively on E85 fuel, modifications were made to the fuel system as well as the CPU. The new state of tune allows the F430 BioFuel to run on anything from pure petrol to an 85 percent blend with ethanol, without needing to change the compression ratio, effectively making this a true FlexFuel Ferrari.
The result, when run on E85 is an increase in power by 10hp and a corresponding increase in torque, with CO2 emissions dropping a modest five percent.